Causes Of Asthma | Asthma Symptoms In Adults | Severe Asthma Attack | TageHow

The average asthma attack may last minutes or hours depending on the severity of your condition. The longer the symptoms of asthma attack are left untreated the worse they get and the higher the risk. There are different asthma triggers such as smoking or pollen which affect the patient starting an attack suddenly. Overdoing exercise is a major reason for the occurrence of an asthma attack. There are many causes of asthma but we will discuss common causes.

causes of asthma, what happens during an asthma attack, asthma symptoms in adults,

Causes of Asthma

Although triggers and excessive exercise push a patient into an asthma attack, there are three changes that happen in the body at that time which cause the symptoms to become identifiable.


This refers to the tightening of the muscles in the airways so that the passage of air to the lungs becomes narrower. This means less oxygen can be exchanged through the alveoli.

Inflammation Causes of Asthma

The swelling of the lining of the airways leaves less space of the air to pass through and reach the lungs starving the body of oxygen and preventing regular function.

Mucus Production Causes of Asthma

Not only is the path of air narrower but also blocked as the mucus becomes thick and is released into the airways. This further deteriorates the respiratory system’s performance.

Early Signs Of Asthma Attack

Even before the symptoms of asthma attack present themselves, there are warning signs. If you cannot sleep at night due to excessive coughing and easily become breathless throughout the day’s activities then be careful. Your peak flow meter readings may be lower indicating poor lung function. You might become tired by light work and especially wheeze after exercise. If you experience cold or allergy symptoms and an overall loss of good feeling then beware.

After causes of asthma now we are going to discussing most common symptoms of asthma attack now a days.

Symptoms of Asthma Attack

Chronic Wheezing

Unreasonable shortness of breath is a sure sign of an impending asthma attack so prepare for emergency measures. This could happen after exercise or worsen as time goes on.

Constant coughing

Even though there are no irritants in the atmosphere or you are not exposed to any asthma triggering substances, you will not be able to get rid of your cough by simple means so whip out your medication.


As your lungs cannot get enough oxygen through your swollen tight air ways, your breathing will become faster and it will take a toll on your respiratory system. You need instant medical attention in that case.

Pressure In Chest

You will experience tightness in your chest as your asthma attack comes closer and you will struggle to breathe normally. Your chest will feel like there is something restricting your breathing.


The muscles of your respiratory system will try to compensate for the loss of oxygen the body faces by retracting harder consuming more of your energy as you try to take into your lungs.

Heart Rate

The blood needs oxygen as it is exchanged in the lungs but it is not getting enough. So, your heart, like your respiratory muscles, will pump harder and faster increasing your heart rate.

Panic Rising

Another reason that spurs your heart to beat faster is the panic you will experience as you fight to breathe. Try to relax so that your heart rate can become lower. Take medication and atte,pt meditation.

Pale Skin and Nails

Your heart does not have enough oxygen for the entire body so it keeps it closer to the vital regions in the center. This means your limbs and digits have minimum oxygen. Your nails and lips might turn blue from this.

Breaking into Sweat

Whenever your body feels pressure and you go into panic mode, it breaks into sweat to lower the overall temperature to prevent any damage from a higher temperature, like in a fever, which is meant to kill infection.


Since your brain is also not getting enough oxygen and your limbs cannot function properly for the same reason, your body tries to shut down to recover better. You feel dizzy and may even faint.

Once you are diagnosed with asthma, it is your job to avoid asthma triggers and forbidden strenuous activities. Create an Asthma Action Plan with your doctor so you may follow it during emergencies when you experience the symptoms of asthma attack. You might wish to keep a diary for monitoring your asthma as well as part of it.

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