Most Common Skin Allergies in Babies
Children are vulnerable to several skin diseases especially fungal, bacterial and viral illnesses that affect the skin. The trouble with children usually is that many of these skin issues are contagious so there is a great chance of the problem spreading to others. Pregnant women, in particular, must be careful if their child has a skin disease that could harm the mother or fetus.
Allergies are not uncommon in children so be attentive towards your child’s skin care especially newborns. Examine their skin for irregularities and beware of these skin allergies in babies that are often treated by pediatricians.
- Atopic dermatitis
- Contact dermatitis
This is known as simply hives by most people. Urticaria is the official medical term for these welts which often cause an itching or burning sensation. There is no fixed place where hives may appear and you cannot predict how large an area may be affected by them. Unfortunately, the duration of this skin condition can also not be predicted. Hives may remain for a few minutes, hours or even days.
Depending on where urticaria occurs, the situation of your child’s health may deteriorate faster than expected. They could restrict breathing in some cases due to swelling near the throat or result in swelling in areas causing extreme discomfort. Do not hesitate to see a doctor as soon as possible.
As to why hives show up, there is no definite proof but there are certain medicines and food groups that have been shown to be responsible for them. Even regular painkillers and blood thinners like aspirin should never be given to kids as they could result in hives. Although penicillin is a highly recommended antibiotic, it has been reported to cause urticaria in infants. Food allergies are also related to skin allergies at times as some patients show allergic reactions towards fish, nuts, eggs, etc. Your physician may prescribe antihistamines to your child to treat hives.
Atopic Dermatitis Allergy Causes
Another one of the skin allergies in babies is Atopic dermatitis which is considered in the category of eczema. The physical symptoms are acute itching in the afflicted regions of the body. These areas are usually the places where skin comes into contact with skin the most such as the creases. So, a child’s inner elbow, butt cheeks, the inside of their knees and even cheeks are target areas.
There are episodes of atopic dermatitis are irregular so it’s hard to predict them. However, a large majority of children suffering from this skin condition have a family history so you can expect a child to have it if a parent has it. Additionally, the main characteristic of a patient of atopic dermatitis is extremely dry skin.
It is usually caused by skin inflammation and dry skin besides certain triggers. If your child sweats a lot then episodes of atopic dermatitis maybe more frequent. Particular fabrics like wool and some food groups also act as triggers. Irritants in the atmosphere and common allergens are also known to provoke this skin condition in a child.
Contact Dermatitis Causes
If your child has Contact dermatitis then the cause is fairly easy to discern. Basically, anything that causes your child’s skin to react abnormally can be considered an allergen to them. This kind of skin allergies in babies are readily identified and treated by avoiding the material or substance that provokes it. Sadly, there is not much a physician can do to cure it so your child has to learn to manage it for the rest of their life.
The allergens are often chemicals present in processed goods including clothes, soaps, bath products, skin care items, cosmetics, fabrics, etc. They can also be metals like your child might not be able to wear silver in their piercings due to an allergy. Foods such as vegetables and fruits have also known to cause Contact dermatitis.
There are medicines both oral and topical which help in relieving the patient from the rashes resulting from coming into contact with that allergen. The best prevention is avoiding contact with these allergens and wearing protective gear if you absolutely must work with them.
This skin allergy may be called a worse form of hives as it can occur in a child already suffering from hives. If your child’s hands and feet are also swollen then they have Angioedema. The region affected may also include the face and genitalia. There are several types of this disease one of which is hereditary although it is very rare.
Most of these cases are caused by the allergens being ingested, touched or even insect bites. Angioedema can last for weeks at a time if one of these triggers is present. It is important to know if your child is allergic to any food to avoid it. The histamines released into the bloodstream encourage it.
A proper checkup and taking the prescribed medication regularly is the best way to treat Angioedema. However, it would be even better to get allergy testing done to determine what exactly your child is allergic to and avoid those allergens. Scratch skin allergy testing involves scratching the top layer of the skin only with no nerves being affected to see if the allergens chosen cause any reactions in the patient’s skin.