What Are The Skin Cancer Causes?
There are several kinds of skin cancer but their causes and risk factors are often the same. There is still a lot researchers do not understand about cancer so studies are inconclusive at times. However, it’s better to be safe than sorry and research has shown some clear risk factors for skin cancer that you must be aware of. The epidermis is the top layer of the skin and further consists of three layers: squamous, basal and melanocyte. Skin cancer causes mutation in the DNA of these three kinds of cells. All three layers do not go through mutation together so your oncologist can best diagnose the specific sort of cancer you have.
Learn to switch to a healthier lifestyle by avoiding the things that influence the development of skin cancer. The following things are known to increase your chances of having skin cancer.
Widely agreed to be among the leading skin cancer causes, directly exposing your skin to sunlight or any source of ultraviolet radiation is not wise. Always wear a sunscreen with suitable SPF as recommended by your dermatologist. Ultraviolet radiation interferes with the regular cell production and multiplication resulting in DNA mutation.
If you have been diagnosed with skin cancer in the past then your chances of contracting it again are much higher than the average person. In fact, having had any kind of cancer previously means your risk of having skin cancer is more. Remember to be alert about regular testing and adopt a low-risk lifestyle.
Family History May Causes of Skin Cancer
There are certain inherited skin conditions, skin types and genes that elevate the risk of you having skin cancer. For instance, lighter skin has less production of melanin in the melanocyte layer, which protects against UV radiation. So, you must take special care to avoid activities or products that could trigger skin cancer.
Already damaged skin is at higher risk of developing skin cancer. Illnesses like Solar keratosis and Xeroderma pigmentosum affect the skin making it more vulnerable to ultraviolet rays often leading to skin cancer.
Treatments of Skin Cancer
It’s not just skin conditions which cut you in the high risk category for skin cancer. There are certain treatments like those for Psoriasis and Eczema which are not entirely safe. Psoralen ultraviolet light treatment (PUVA) involves UV rays so you could try alternatives. Besides direct UV treatment, methoxsalen is also used for Eczema and is reported to raise the risk of skin cancer.
Anything that reduces your immunity elevates your chances of getting skin cancer. Immunodeficiency diseases like AIDs are obviously on this list but inflammatory illnesses act the same way. Transplant patients are prescribed some drugs which also lower your immunity.
You have probably heard of chemicals which are considered among major skin cancer causes. Tar is a well known carcinogen as is arsenic. Petroleum products, shale oil, creosote, pitch and soot have also shown to posses carcinogenic properties. If your job involves such chemicals then always wear protective gear while handling them.
Your work environment can also act as a catalyst for skin cancer development if you are often exposed to radiation frequently. If you have been exposed to it by accident or had to undergo a treatment like radiotherapy then be vigilant about protecting that region from the sun.
Normally moles are thought of as beauty spots and don’t occupy a large area. However, some bigger moles can turn into cancerous growths. So, if you have any large mole, consult your physician about its malignancy. In many cases, removal is recommended to lower skin cancer risk.
There are some diseases caused by the Human papilloma virus (HPV) whose presence means you are likely to get skin cancer. Cervical cancer, genital warts, epidermodysplasia verruciformis and Bowen’s disease occur or are worsened by HPV. Be attentive to your treatments for them and ask your physician to brief you on skin cancer risks due to them.
The earlier your diagnosis is conducted, the sooner you can treat your skin cancer. Prevention is better than cure so take small steps like self examination and wearing sunscreen all the time outdoors to help avoid skin cancer. Also, stay away from chemicals that may trigger its development.
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